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Periodontal Disease

Types of Periodontal Disease

Periodontal disease is a progressive disease that can result in the loss of one or more of your teeth in severe cases. You may hear this condition referred to as gum disease and periodontitis. It specifically affects the supporting tissue in the gums and underlying jawbone. There are various types of gum diseases that you can get if you don't take proper care of your oral health.


Gingivitis is a common mild form of periodontitis that is caused by toxins found in plaque. Those who are pregnant, taking birth control, have uncontrolled diabetes, and use steroids are more likely to develop gingivitis. Since this is just a mild form of periodontitis, it can be treated with professional dental cleaning and home care tactics, including antibiotics, mouthwashes, and potentially root planing.

Chronic Periodontal Disease

Chronic periodontal disease is defined as inflammation below the gum line. It will result in the progressive destruction of bone and gingival tissue. Patients may experience what they perceive as lengthening of their teeth. However, it's actually just their gum line receding. Unlike gingivitis, chronic periodontal disease can't be fully treated because the supportive tissue can't be effectively rebuilt. However, its progression can be halted with dental intervention via root planing and scaling.

Aggressive Periodontal Disease

Those with chronic periodontal disease that progresses rapidly are diagnosed with aggressive periodontal disease. Patients suffer from rapid gum loss and bone tissue loss. Those with a family history of periodontal disease and those who smoke are at an increased risk of aggressive periodontal disease. Due to the aggressive progression of this gum disease, it usually requires surgical intervention. A qualified dentist will perform root planing, antimicrobial, and scaling.

Systemic Conditions Causing Periodontal Disease

It's important to note that periodontal disease can be a symptom of another bodily condition or disease. Some conditions may include aggressive periodontal disease that destroys the gum tissues. The most common conditions are heart disease, respiratory disease, and diabetes.

Dental intervention will help to halt the progression of periodontal disease. Treating the underlying cause can help to prevent further damage to the gums. It's crucial to realize that even a little bit of plaque on the teeth can cause periodontal disease when other underlying diseases and conditions are present.

Necrotizing Periodontal Disease

Necrotizing periodontal disease is a rare progressive condition that is prominent in those who suffer from HIV, malnutrition, chronic stress, and immunosuppression. Necrosis, informally known as tissue death, specifically affects the periodontal ligament, alveolar bone, and gingival tissues. After consulting with your physician, this type of periodontal disease can be controlled with antibiotics, root planing, and medicated mouthwash.

Call Us Today

If you're struggling with periodontal disease, then give us a call at Smiles by Hay. Our helpful dentists can assist you with all of your oral health needs.